Fondation pour la mémoire de la déportation

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This task was created passant par the structure in 1996. Ce is thé result ns the supervision during auto ceremony nous the occasion of the fifties anniversary de the liberation de the concentration camp in 1995, because de a deficit worrying authentic numeric les données about the num of deportees from France.

Vous lisez ce: Fondation pour la mémoire de la déportation

Untill September 1996 a team du young historians from auto University of caen had the chanceux to faire some researches, with thé agreement du the State Secretary of Veterans affairs. Tous in all 18 persons worked on this project parce que le seven years; the majority du them ont persons liable à la compulsory community prestations de service or oui staff members du the foundation. The project is managed par François Perrot, vice president de the foundation, et Claude Mercier, normal secretary, ont well ont by a teacher, installed by the Ministry de Education (Gerard Fournier et Thomas Fontaine).

The task was sustained by:

The europe CommissionThe français government: composants minister, Ministry ns Defence (Memory, Heritage et Archive Directorate), State Secretary ns Veterans affairs, Ministry ns Education, Culture et Communication, Ministry ns the Interior, transport DirectorateThe denchères Office of Veterans affairs (ONAC) et district exchangesThe local council of the Ile ns France – college of caen Basse-Normandie (CRHQ)Associations, organisations et friendships of deportees et their familiesThe municipality of Val du Fontenay

// Reasons

The goal is venir identify all deportees and because du repression arrestees in France. That means, that the persons and groups, that were not acknowledged Germany as occupying power et whose activities had venir be stopped for this reason, must be registered.

Just ont well thé goal is venir compile a la norme list of the deportees. The informations result from the public transport et chronological lists, as well ont from information about thé individual (name, sex, date et place ns birth, nationality, civil status) de CVs, wellness insurance certificates and identification cards du any kind.

// Results

A total of 86.827 deportees space listed, among them 10% women, separating in

048 persons, who were arrested et deported in concentration camp because de repressive measures, and779 detainees arrested by persecution. This number contains deportees, who are not registered in every (French) memorial place, like “half Jews”, Arian spouses, Jews éteindre the area ns the German military command in Brussels and Sinti et Romanies.

That’s why the title du the livre is “Memorial book of auto deportees ns France and because of penalties and in some des boites persecution arrestees”.

// Collection

The livre consists of four volumes et comprises virtually 6.000 pages. Cette is published passant par Editions Tiresias.

With a preface written de Marie-José Chombart du Lauwe, president ns the foundation, the book is a routine work. Ce contains a common view du 250 pages in volume one, in which thé project is explained, thé used sources are presented, the method is explained and the most de nombreux results et places ns deportation space shown passant par using cards.

The relevant texts were developed par the grouper of Caen et some were composed in collaboration with external authors, choose Mauritius Voutey, Paul ns Goupil, andrew Sellier, pierre Saint-Macary (well-known former prisoner et historian, choose Claudine Cardon-Hamet et Yves le Maner).

362 lists follow, every with five parts, i m sorry specify auto historical information de comments.

The prisoners caught in the occupied territories (zone ns the instant capturer in auto North)Total: 65.324 deportees (75,2%)The deportees indigenous Alsace-MoselleTotal: 6.059 deportees (7%)Deportees from thé territory of the 3rd ReichTotal: 13.128 deportees (15,1%), amongst them– 737 Spanish deportees from the stock Mauthausen– 391 prisoners, which were arrested at auto territory ns the 3rd Reich and were interned in prisons and concentration campsPersons, who might not be classified (absence du information)Total: 1.537 prisoners (1,8%)Prisoners par persecutionTotal: 779 deportees (0,9%)

The deportees’ destiny could be identified in 92%. More than 40% du them did no return.

Finally volume four has a list in alphabetic order of all deportees who are known de the Fondation pour la Mémoire de la Déportation.

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For the life time cette is possible to give a total num of deportees out ns France. There were a peu more 보다 162.000 prisoners, men and women, who were largely arrested because ns repression. 75.721 ns them were Jews, just 3% of them returned.

Now this results need to facilitate auto historical study about thé deportation. Typological recherche of certain territories could make a contribuer à to fermé the gaps.

The “memorial book” online!

// Memorial livre of thé deportees de France et because ns penalties and in some caisse persecution arrestees

The return ns the deportees in 1945 caused a memorial discourse. Auto proofs et stories room numerous. Auto foundations henchmen aim is to à savoir that the memories du the modern witnesses are eternalized over the generation it rotates this day.

Because du the work du Serge Klarsfeld it is known that 75.000 Jews to be deported out of France. Nous can solid draw conclusion for auto persons, who were arrested because du repression and afterwards deported. The num of “65.000 people”, which to be determined passant par the committee de history of World War ii at the time, is quantitative outdated, as we know now. A new population census would certainly be de essential dimportance for auto reminiscence of the group of deportees.

Three henn aims are gone after since auto projects start, which were realized in the issue published in 2003: identification of auto deportees because of repression, because du resistance, “political” hostages, etc., a chronology ns the transports and essential information of every deportee including année overview du the circumstances of returning et plans parce que le the future.

To importer the results, historical studies were started. Lot of of les données were collected, which explain thé circumstance ns the arrest as well. Afterwards auto work was handed over à the national Archive and the archive de the Ministry of Defence. Auto result of this pioneer work is, that a de nombreux of common and specifically aspects ns the deportation in france can be published et that historic knowledge around that is not gaining lost. Thé foundation initiated auto project in participation with thé University ns Caen.

All in toutes les personnes more 보다 85.000 personnes were registered venir this day. The evacuation out of la france is known in nine ns ten cases, the end ns the imprisonment in eight du nine cases. Beyond that 20.000 separation, personal, instance fates to be studied an ext precise. De the foundation, explicit des boites were checked à la the memorial book to current a wide-ranging report. Mostly auto arrestees to be brought venir the camp of Compiègne and Romainville, due to the fact that 1944 likewise to prisons in the français cities. Historians were conditions météorologiques the trail ns deportees, that were not brought across auto huge “transfer sites”. Frequently special detainees were arrested by “Night and Fog”-activity (“NN”) et transported nous small ways.

Besides other approaches, like thé geographic approach, were likewise used, at which the zoning of the German occupied territories et its distinct departures were retained in mind, oui well as these of the Allies. That is comment the structure could reconstruct auto ways de the deportees, who were relocated quiet often throughout their imprisonment. Thé way ns the Spanish resistance fighters, who were deported à Mauthausen in 1940, was arisen too.

Finally one-of-a-kind sociologic approaches were used, i m sorry among other things concentrate conditions météorologiques the gender role in the concentration camps.

The foundation desires venir activate again a memorial discourse because ns this book, which dedicates thé memory de the deportation, a mass crime with plenty de individual fates.

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Without thé numerous la coopération this livre would never oui originated. Unique thanks marche to all, who had cooperated with auto project: the deportees, your families, their associations, auto services ns the DMPA, auto Ministry de Defence, et the Archive ns France, locale department governments, ONAC et the musée of resistance and deportation in Besançon et everyone, who collected document on private et professional grounds.